7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once then Harvest for Years

7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years
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Perennial fruit and vegetables only need to be planted once

Perennial fruit and vegetables are a staple in every edible garden. They’re low-maintenance crops that only need to be planted once and are often the first crops of the year to produce. Instead of sowing seeds each year, they regrow of their own accord, providing you with the easiest harvest possible. This list includes seven perennials you can get started in your own garden, along with tips on how to grow and care them.

7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

Strawberry plants will produce crops for at least three years

1. Berries

Once established, berry plants and bushes will provide you with fruit every single year. Some of the easiest to grow are strawberries, raspberries, red currants, and gooseberries. This list goes on though and I also grow blueberries and thorn-less blackberries.

Perennial fruit is always a winner in the garden. Though they take up a lot of space, the juicy rewards are worth the investment.

  • Soft fruit is planted once and then will crop for at least three years, if not longer
  • Strawberry plants need to be replaced after three years since older plants aren’t as productive
  • Keep the area around your plants weeded and feed the plants each year with garden compost, composted manure, and other organic feeds
  • Some raspberries benefit from being pruned right down to the ground every winter
7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

Many garden herbs are evergreen or grow back every year

2. Garden Herbs

Many garden herbs are not only hardy, but will thrive year after year. When not much is growing in the garden you can still nip out and harvest a sprig of Rosemary, or a handful of Winter Savoury. Many perennial herbs also thrive in poor soils, making them ideal for areas of the garden where other plants won’t grow.

  • Perennial herbs include: Rosemary, Thyme, Winter Savoury, Sage, Lovage, Peppermint, Marjoram, and Oregano
  • Most prefer free-draining soil
  • Many will grow in nutrient-poor soil
  • Harvesting will often result in bushier and healthier looking plants
  • Perennial herbs can be grown in pots and containers
  • In very cold climates, herbs will need protection to survive the winter

7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years


3. Globe Artichokes

The hearts of these plump flower buds are a delicacy that you’ll be happy to have in your garden. Once established, an artichoke plant can flourish for years and can easily be re-established from a parent plant. In mild climates they won’t die back at all in the winter and can even produce heads year-round.

  • They like fertile and well-drained soil and will benefit from a dressing of compost or manure in the spring
  • Often will grow to over five feet in height
  • If you don’t pick the buds, they’ll blossom into vibrant purple flowers
  • Pick the heads when they’re about the size of a tennis ball
  • It’s recommended to divide and replant artichoke plants every few years

7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

4. Rhubarb

In the spring you’ll pay a small fortune for tender, red, spring rhubarb. If you grow it yourself, you’ll have more than you can eat! Rhubarb thrives in neglect and is often found growing at the back of gardens and allotments right across the northern hemisphere. The stems can be pulled and cooked from spring until early summer and once established, they can produce for years (if not decades).

  • Rhubarb is mainly grown from ‘Crowns’ — these are pieces of the parent plant that can be replanted to create a new plant
  • The stems can be cooked and used in desserts and chutneys
  • The leaves are poisonous and should be torn off and tossed on the compost pile
  • Rhubarb loves rich soil. Give it a dressing of compost and manure in the spring and you’ll be astonished at how big it will grow
7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

Welsh onions are like giant chives

5. Perennial Onions

The vegetables in this group are somewhere between a herb and a vegetable and include Chives, Welsh Onions, Egyptian Walking Onions, and Garlic Chives. Once you get a patch going, you can count on it to produce oniony greens, and sometimes bulbs, from early spring until autumn.

  • Welsh onions are highly recommended and are in the photo below. They’re like giant chives, can be used like spring onions, and grow to 18″ tall.
  • Chives can be grown in pots, are are useful when grown near the kitchen.
  • Cutting the leaves of these plants encourage new leaves to grow. However, if you remove the bulb, that part of the plant won’t grow back.
  • Perennial onions thrive in rich, moist, soil and need dressings of compost and/or manure every year
  • Egyptian Walking Onions form clusters of tiny bulbs at the tops of tall stalks. You can eat them, the greens, and the main bulb. Although eating the main bulb means that plant won’t grow back the next year.
7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

Asparagus can grow for decades

6. Asparagus

Asparagus is a valuable perennial to have in your garden as well — although they are an investment. Grown from ‘Crowns’, asparagus can only be harvested on and after their third year in the ground. The time and effort you put into creating an aspargus bed will be well worth it though!

  • Asparagus spears are actually immature ferns. When left to grow, they become delicate and bushy and are used in flower arrangements
  • They don’t take kindly to weeds and will drag their feet if they have competition
  • Asparagus prefer moist, yet free-draining soil. Mulching with straw or seaweed (pictured below) will keep them productive
7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

Jerusalem Artichokes are also called Sunchokes

7. Sunchokes

Called ‘Jerusalem Artichokes’ in the United Kingdom, Sunchokes are a root vegetable that grow at the base of tall flower stalks. They come in a couple different varieties and have a rich and nutty flavor that goes well in soups or simply roasted on their own.

  • Once established, Sunchokes will continue growing and spreading every year.
  • Because they can be invasive, it’s best to grow them in large containers or in areas that they can’t spread from
  • Dig up the tubers in autumn and replant some of the best in the spring
  • It’s said that up to 50% of the population cannot fully digest Sunchokes. This is why they’re also known as Fart-a-chokes!


7 Perennial Fruit and Vegetables: Plant Once and then Harvest for Years

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8 Discussion to this post

  1. …if you could edit the word seeter to sweeter at the end of the posting…

  2. I am a fan of this site starting today. Four years ago I started a garden among the edible flowers already growing here in Reva Virginia. I planted cilantro/coriander, which overwinters nicely here. Basil grows quickly and I save seeds. Dill gets the same treatment, Oregano is a perennial here. Asparagus is perennial if you prepare the bed and keep it clear of weeds, like you say. I am planting horseradish this year, another perennial. You can add “American hots” to your article. I am planting more and more fruits to complement the grapes growing up an old apple bush that does not bear, and a row of early and late
    raspberries growing straight up…closely contained by 8 foot long bamboo stakes. Sunchokes I will try to find…parsnips will get sweeter with each successive frost, also. And parsnips will grow into the next year, like garlic.

  3. Monique says:

    You have inspired me to attempt growing artichokes again this year from seed. Fingers crossed. This time I will have worm castings to use with the seed starting soil and hope it works. Regarding sunchokes, I recently watched a show of A Chef’s Life that mentioned that sunchokes have to have at least 3 freezes before being harvested in order to cause less gas.

  4. Pia says:

    Also Tanya I would like to grow maybe red onions. They are tastier than white imo. And I can use them raw or cooked. More exotic. How do I go about this.
    I have 2 largish raised beds. About a meter x 150cm . And maybe 20cm + high. I know not very high but they’ll have to do. I’m no superwoman at digging anymore. Do you think I can have onions in such a raised bed ?

    • lovelygreens says:

      Absolutely! I’d say you could get two or three rows of onions in that space. The best way to start them is by purchasing ‘Sets’ — these look like tiny onions. You plant them in early spring and you’ll harvest them at the end of summer.

  5. Pia says:

    I don’t know a parent plant rhubarb. Do I buy a new plant? .. organic of course or.. can I buy seeds? I think I’d prefer to sow from seed. But have no inkling.. do they have seeds ?

    • lovelygreens says:

      Growing rhubarb from seed is uncommon — but I’ve done it successfully. You should start with seeds from a reputable source and you should be able to begin harvesting by year two. Otherwise, ask at a local community garden if anyone is dividing their rhubarb. When I do it, I always give loads away for free.

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